# Vault 8

Source code and analysis for CIA software projects including those described in the Vault7 series.

This publication will enable investigative journalists, forensic experts and the general public to better identify and understand covert CIA infrastructure components.

Source code published in this series contains software designed to run on servers controlled by the CIA. Like WikiLeaks' earlier Vault7 series, the material published by WikiLeaks does **not** contain 0-days or similar security vulnerabilities which could be repurposed by others.

/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/ /*--- Huffman coding low-level stuff ---*/ /*--- huffman.c ---*/ /*-------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* ------------------------------------------------------------------ This file is part of bzip2/libbzip2, a program and library for lossless, block-sorting data compression. bzip2/libbzip2 version 1.0.6 of 6 September 2010 Copyright (C) 1996-2010 Julian Seward <jseward@bzip.org> Please read the WARNING, DISCLAIMER and PATENTS sections in the README file. This program is released under the terms of the license contained in the file LICENSE. ------------------------------------------------------------------ */ #include "bzlib_private.h" /*---------------------------------------------------*/ #define WEIGHTOF(zz0) ((zz0) & 0xffffff00) #define DEPTHOF(zz1) ((zz1) & 0x000000ff) #define MYMAX(zz2,zz3) ((zz2) > (zz3) ? (zz2) : (zz3)) #define ADDWEIGHTS(zw1,zw2) \ (WEIGHTOF(zw1)+WEIGHTOF(zw2)) | \ (1 + MYMAX(DEPTHOF(zw1),DEPTHOF(zw2))) #define UPHEAP(z) \ { \ Int32 zz, tmp; \ zz = z; tmp = heap[zz]; \ while (weight[tmp] < weight[heap[zz >> 1]]) { \ heap[zz] = heap[zz >> 1]; \ zz >>= 1; \ } \ heap[zz] = tmp; \ } #define DOWNHEAP(z) \ { \ Int32 zz, yy, tmp; \ zz = z; tmp = heap[zz]; \ while (True) { \ yy = zz << 1; \ if (yy > nHeap) break; \ if (yy < nHeap && \ weight[heap[yy+1]] < weight[heap[yy]]) \ yy++; \ if (weight[tmp] < weight[heap[yy]]) break; \ heap[zz] = heap[yy]; \ zz = yy; \ } \ heap[zz] = tmp; \ } /*---------------------------------------------------*/ void BZ2_hbMakeCodeLengths ( UChar *len, Int32 *freq, Int32 alphaSize, Int32 maxLen ) { /*-- Nodes and heap entries run from 1. Entry 0 for both the heap and nodes is a sentinel. --*/ Int32 nNodes, nHeap, n1, n2, i, j, k; Bool tooLong; Int32 heap [ BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE + 2 ]; Int32 weight [ BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2 ]; Int32 parent [ BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2 ]; for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++) weight[i+1] = (freq[i] == 0 ? 1 : freq[i]) << 8; while (True) { nNodes = alphaSize; nHeap = 0; heap[0] = 0; weight[0] = 0; parent[0] = -2; for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) { parent[i] = -1; nHeap++; heap[nHeap] = i; UPHEAP(nHeap); } AssertH( nHeap < (BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE+2), 2001 ); while (nHeap > 1) { n1 = heap[1]; heap[1] = heap[nHeap]; nHeap--; DOWNHEAP(1); n2 = heap[1]; heap[1] = heap[nHeap]; nHeap--; DOWNHEAP(1); nNodes++; parent[n1] = parent[n2] = nNodes; weight[nNodes] = ADDWEIGHTS(weight[n1], weight[n2]); parent[nNodes] = -1; nHeap++; heap[nHeap] = nNodes; UPHEAP(nHeap); } AssertH( nNodes < (BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2), 2002 ); tooLong = False; for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) { j = 0; k = i; while (parent[k] >= 0) { k = parent[k]; j++; } len[i-1] = j; if (j > maxLen) tooLong = True; } if (! tooLong) break; /* 17 Oct 04: keep-going condition for the following loop used to be 'i < alphaSize', which missed the last element, theoretically leading to the possibility of the compressor looping. However, this count-scaling step is only needed if one of the generated Huffman code words is longer than maxLen, which up to and including version 1.0.2 was 20 bits, which is extremely unlikely. In version 1.0.3 maxLen was changed to 17 bits, which has minimal effect on compression ratio, but does mean this scaling step is used from time to time, enough to verify that it works. This means that bzip2-1.0.3 and later will only produce Huffman codes with a maximum length of 17 bits. However, in order to preserve backwards compatibility with bitstreams produced by versions pre-1.0.3, the decompressor must still handle lengths of up to 20. */ for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) { j = weight[i] >> 8; j = 1 + (j / 2); weight[i] = j << 8; } } } /*---------------------------------------------------*/ void BZ2_hbAssignCodes ( Int32 *code, UChar *length, Int32 minLen, Int32 maxLen, Int32 alphaSize ) { Int32 n, vec, i; vec = 0; for (n = minLen; n <= maxLen; n++) { for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++) if (length[i] == n) { code[i] = vec; vec++; }; vec <<= 1; } } /*---------------------------------------------------*/ void BZ2_hbCreateDecodeTables ( Int32 *limit, Int32 *base, Int32 *perm, UChar *length, Int32 minLen, Int32 maxLen, Int32 alphaSize ) { Int32 pp, i, j, vec; pp = 0; for (i = minLen; i <= maxLen; i++) for (j = 0; j < alphaSize; j++) if (length[j] == i) { perm[pp] = j; pp++; }; for (i = 0; i < BZ_MAX_CODE_LEN; i++) base[i] = 0; for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++) base[length[i]+1]++; for (i = 1; i < BZ_MAX_CODE_LEN; i++) base[i] += base[i-1]; for (i = 0; i < BZ_MAX_CODE_LEN; i++) limit[i] = 0; vec = 0; for (i = minLen; i <= maxLen; i++) { vec += (base[i+1] - base[i]); limit[i] = vec-1; vec <<= 1; } for (i = minLen + 1; i <= maxLen; i++) base[i] = ((limit[i-1] + 1) << 1) - base[i]; } /*-------------------------------------------------------------*/ /*--- end huffman.c ---*/ /*-------------------------------------------------------------*/